Artistic research[ edit ] The controversial trend of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines. As such, it is similar to the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis. It is based on artistic practices, methods, and criticality. Through presented documentation, the insights gained shall be placed in a context.
Table of Contents There are many ways to get information. The most common research methods are: A literature search involves reviewing all readily available materials.
These materials can include internal company information, relevant trade publications, newspapers, magazines, annual reports, company literature, on-line data bases, and any other published materials. It is a very inexpensive method of gathering information, although it often does not yield timely information.
Literature searches over the web are the fastest, while library literature searches can take between one and eight weeks. Talking with people is a good way to get information during the initial stages of a research project. It can be used to gather information that is not publicly available, or that is too new to be found in the literature.
Examples might include meetings with prospects, customers, suppliers, and other types of business conversations at trade shows, seminars, Reserach metrhod association meetings. Although often valuable, the information has questionable validity because it is highly subjective and might not be representative of the population.
A focus group is used as a preliminary research technique to explore peoples ideas and attitudes. It is often used to test new approaches such as products or advertisingand to discover customer concerns.
A group of 6 to 20 people meet in a conference-room-like setting with a trained moderator. The room usually contains a one-way mirror for viewing, including audio and video capabilities.
The moderator leads the group's discussion and keeps the focus on the areas you want to explore. Focus groups can be conducted within a couple of weeks and cost between two and three thousand dollars. Their disadvantage is that the sample is small and may not be representative of the population in general.
Personal interviews are a way to get in-depth and comprehensive information. They involve one person interviewing another person for personal or detailed information.
Typically, an interviewer will ask questions from a written questionnaire and record the answers verbatim. Sometimes, the questionnaire is simply a list of topics that the research wants to discuss with an industry expert. Personal interviews because of their expense are generally used only when subjects are not likely to respond to other survey methods.
Telephone surveys are the fastest method of gathering information from a relatively large sample respondents. The interviewer follows a prepared script that is essentially the same as a written questionnaire.
However, unlike a mail survey, the telephone survey allows the opportunity for some opinion probing. Telephone surveys generally last less than ten minutes. Typical costs are between four and six thousand dollars, and they can be completed in two to four weeks.
Mail surveys are a cost effective method of gathering information. They are ideal for large sample sizes, or when the sample comes from a wide geographic area.
They cost a little less than telephone interviews, however, they take over twice as long to complete eight to twelve weeks.
Because there is no interviewer, there is no possibility of interviewer bias. The main disadvantage is the inability to probe respondents for more detailed information. Email and internet surveys are relatively new and little is known about the effect of sampling bias in internet surveys.
While it is clearly the most cost effective and fastest method of distributing a survey, the demographic profile of the internet user does not represent the general population, although this is changing.
Before doing an email or internet survey, carefully consider the effect that this bias might have on the results.Research Methods To understand the use of statistics, one needs to know a little bit about experimental design or how a researcher conducts investigations.
A little knowledge about methodology will provide us with a place to hang our statistics. There are many ways to get information. The most common research methods are: literature searches, talking with people, focus groups, personal interviews, telephone surveys, mail surveys, email surveys, and internet surveys.
This ten chapter research methods text is written for both undergraduate and graduate students in education, psychology, and the social sciences.
It focuses on the basics of research design and the critical analysis of professional research in the social sciences from developing a theory, selecting.
Artistic research, also seen as 'practice-based research', can take form when creative works are considered both the research and the object of research itself. It is the debatable body of thought which offers an alternative to purely scientific methods in research in its search for knowledge and truth.
Psychologists use many different methods for conducting research. Each method has advantages and disadvantages that make it suitable for certain situations and unsuitable for others. Case studies, surveys, naturalistic observation, and laboratory observation are examples of descriptive or.
Nov 04, · Sociological research follows established ethical guidelines that protect participants and ensure integrity in research. Sociological research methods fall into broad categories of quantitative and qualitative approaches, but studies frequently use “mixed methods” incorporating both.