EricLevitz United we stand? It had neutered Congress, and lobotomized the electorate. This is only a slight exaggeration of the consensus view among American political scientists, circa
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. While some may find this surprising and others may deny that the division even exists, current evidence suggests that it does and that it is a situation that has been coming since the founding fathers first set pen to paper and created the American constitution.
America Divided Whether or not America is in reality divided has been the topic of investigation in previous years, most specifically since the election.
In fact, in the past decade neither party has been able to obtain a majority of electoral votes. Many say that this is the result of a culture war and a political division that is partitioning the country into two camps.
The more the parties strive to achieve the majority they so desperately seek, the more divided the country and its citizens seems to become, with the end result that American citizens feel the need to choose between two contending cultures.
Fiorini, in change, claims that the division within American society does not exist to the degree that many are claiming it does. Although he does not deny that political parties are divided he believes that a great portion of the American public actually swings towards the center on many issues, proving that it is not them, but the parties and interest groups that represent Americans that are forcing the idea of a division for their own purposes.
Fiorini also claims that the media are part of the political divide. He believes that the media fall into the elite political group that is propagating the idea of a division on issues to further their own initiatives.
The purists that lie in either camp are the greatest to blame according to Fiorini. The purists are those that have very strong political views on particular subjects such as abortion, welfare and gun control. According to Fiorini, they provide the greatest incentive for the myth of the American divide.
The end result is a general public disenchanted with the current state of politics and the pressure they feel to take sides. While political parties and interest groups invite divisions, and the media feeds these them with exciting news propaganda, it would be difficult to claim that a large percentage of American voters has not been affected to a significant level by these factors.
That a great percentage of the population feels ambivalent to the highly charged issues of abortion and gay marriage could be taking the argument to an extreme that is easily refuted by other analysts in the field.
While Fiorini claims that the great percentage of Americans are moderate, these authors claim that is not the case. Abramowitz and Saunders delved into the issue by researching ideological orientations on the 16 most important issues of the national election. They covered such issues as jobs, living standards, public health issues, abortion, defense spending and gun control.
Research done by Abramowitz and Saunders does show that most Americans are ideological moderates.
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What they did find is that while moderation can be shown in the American public on ideological preferences, the people surveyed were far from moderate when it came to their choice of political parties.
While Fiorini argues that polarization of political parties is something that only exists within the party itself Abramowitz and Saunders show this is not the case. They conclude that while Democratic voters where shown to be quite liberal, Republican voters had a tendency to be quite conservative.
According to their research sixty-three percent of the Democratic voters choose issues that placed them on the left side of the scale, while seventy-eight percent of Republican voters showed a clear preference for the right side of the scale p.
In conclusion Abramowitz and Saunders also claim that the evidence points to the increased nature of partisan polarization p. In addition, the study shows that there is increased division between geographical regions and religious and non-religious groups. In the and elections there were far fewer contentious states to battle over.
The Red states seem to be getting redder and the blue states bluer p. The polarization of states is also connected to religious divisions.
Abramowitz and Saunders claim that there study shows a direct correlation between state voting results and religious preferences. Instead they blame the American divide on social factors.
Divided and Dangerous The American divide does exist but it has evolved from more than a mix of social issues, although they most certainly were a part of its growth.
The roots of the American divide can be found in three areas: The founding fathers created a system of separation of powers meant to put an end to the tyranny of the majority, or government in the hands of a majority. Yet, historically, the system has best functioned when there is a single strong party to create popular programs and push them through with sustained majorities over several years.Michael Dimock is the lead author of the new Pew study “Political Polarization in the American Public.” He is also vice president of research at the Pew Research Center.
He is principally responsible for questionnaire design, project management, the analysis of polling data and the presentation of . Partisan polarization, in Congress and among public, is greater than ever By Drew DeSilver While the Senate appears to have reached a deal on executive-branch appointments that heads off a showdown over filibuster rules, the fact that the confrontation went as far as it did points up the increasingly polarized state of Congress.
Partisan Polarization and Congressional Accountability in House Elections David R. Jones Baruch College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York Early research led scholars to believe that institutional accountability in Congress is lacking because public evaluations.
Redistricting did contribute to polarization in the House of Representatives, but it took place largely in districts that had undergone significant change.
 Furthermore, polarization has been occurring throughout the country, but the use of increasingly polarized district design has not. Bridgebuilders are the men and women in Congress with incentives that transcend partisan politics, voting on an issue regardless of affiliation. However, with today’s almost evenly-split electorate and congressional terms primarily focused on reelection, there is little to no cause to vote across party lines.
Few scholars dispute that the degree of partisan polarization in the House and Senate today is greater than at any time in the past fifty years. Once upon a time Congress had an influential center with Republicans and Democrats building coalitions on major policies.