Introduction The Theaetetus, which probably dates from about BC, is arguably Plato's greatest work on epistemology. Arguably, it is his greatest work on anything. His two respondents are Theaetetus, a brilliant young mathematician, and Theaetetus' tutor Theodorus, who is rather less young and rather less brilliant. Also like other Platonic dialogues, the main discussion of the Theaetetus is set within a framing conversation ac between Eucleides and Terpsion cp.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. Answers the following extracts are from the web page below provides: Life of Socrates For centuries, the definition of justice has been disputed over by wise men of all countries.
Through the works of Plato, the views of Socrates are recorded for all to read and reflect upon. He believed that justice was good, and the good could only be attained through self-knowledge.
Socrates argued that a universal good existed. Therefore, every man was capable of finding the good. Justice After agreements of the fact one could not be just but not good, or good but not just, the philosophers Socrates conversed with then asked for a definition of justice.
Would this person remain ill, or would he go to seek a cure? Without a doubt he would seek the cure for his ailment. He then points out the man who never falls sick is happier than the man who is cured from sickness.
After stating this, Socrates claims that punishment for the crime is the cure for evil, and justice leads to that punishment. As the healthy man is happier than the cured man, the man who has done no wrong is happier than the man who has received punishment justice for his actions.
But following this, the most miserable man is the man who leads an evil life and thinks himself better for not suffering punishment.
This man, as Socrates relates, is like a child who is afraid of the medicine of justice. He is so afraid of the immediate pain of the cure, he becomes blind to the benefits he will receive in the long run: He does not see punishment as the only cure for evil, and to prevent punishment only prolongs his own suffering.
Socrates asks what the purpose of living with an unjust soul serves; the just life is more important than even external possessions. So on the scale of evil, second is the man who does wrong, but first is the man who does wrong and gets away with it.
And if he, or any one about whom he cares, does wrong, he ought of his own accord to go where he will immediately be punished; he will run to the judge, as he would to the physician, in order that the disease of injustice may not be rendered chronic and become the incurable cancer of the soul; we must not allow this consequence.
Socrates begins another discussion and a conclusion is reached that "it is just to do good to our friends when they are good and harm to our enemies when they are evil. In turn, to harm any person is the act of the unjust, and the just man will not harm another, because by doing so the just man will prove himself the opposite of what he claims to be.
This was the first time in European philosophy the idea that a man should not harm others, even his enemies, had been declared. In the first book of The Republic, Socrates receives the argument that men find it easier to fall into the pleasures of the unjust rather than choose the inevitable loss and suffering endured as a result of being good and just.
But because the just life is more important than the external pleasures that vice and injustice can yield, loss and suffering is a little price to pay.
Better is the poor man with a good, just soul than the rich man who has found his wealth through vice and thus attained a tainted soul.BECK index Socrates, Xenophon, and Plato Empedocles Socrates Xenophon's Socrates Defense of Socrates Memoirs of Socrates Symposium Oikonomikos Xenophon.
I’ve read the long comments here meant for a college student, very well written and covered the subject well. I could write pages and pages on the subject of “social justice” but why bore you.
Mar 10, · Along with his translations, Digges added commentary and new ideas, making it clear that the Copernican model was more than philosophy, it was a physically real model of the solar system.
Just as justice in the ideal city is each of its three social classes minding its own business and doing the one thing for which it is best suited, so justice in the soul is each of its three faculties minding its own business doing the one thing it does best.
Explain How Socrates Proves That Justice Is Best Definiton of Justice The Republic examines many different aspects of the human condition. Plato reveals his opinions of Socrates by showing how other humans function and interact with one another. In The Republic, four definitions of justice are given by the four characters Cephalus, Polemarchus, Thrasymachus, and Glaucon..
First, Cephalus explains that justice consists in following the laws and repaying one’s creditors. Socrates points out that repaying one’s creditors is not always a good idea.