Pedagogy for the connected science classroom: Computer supported collaborative science and the next generation science standards. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 14 4.
CMC does not include the methods by which two computers communicate, but rather how people communicate via computers. Definition from the Wikipedia: Computer-mediated communicationfeb Computer-mediated communication CMC has also been defined as "any communication patterns mediated through the computer" Metz,p.
Walther and Burgoon argue that, "for many of us, CMC is no longer a novelty but a communication channel through which much of our business and social interaction takes place, and this transformation is expected to continue" p. Computer mediated communication breaks down geographical barriers to communication enabling collaboration through communication over distance.
People can exchange, store, edit, broadcast, and copy any written document. They can send data and messages instantaneously, easily, at low cost, and over long distances. Messages can be sent to groups of any size and can be programmed for such special functions as automatic copying to a pre-specified distribution list.
Few Status and Position Cues: Software for electronic communication is blind with respect to the vertical hierarchy in social relationships and organizations.
Once people have electronic access, their status, power, and prestige are not communicated as in face to face situations. Thus charismatic and high status people may have less influence, and group members may participate more equally in computer communication.
So providing a certain amount of anonymity which eliminates stereotypical classifications makes people feel less inhibited about communicating their ideas, opinions, feelings about certain issues and as a result fosters more participation and contribution from people who would otherwise feel intimidated introverts.
Students who are silent in face-to-face communication contribute in CMC discussion. It is the students who contribute the least in face-to-face discussion who increase their participation the most in CMC discussion.
More time consuming 3. Absence of Regulating Feedback, lack of socio-emotional and nonverbal cues often referred to as cues filtered out. In face to face communication, head nods, smiles, eye contact, distance, tone of voice, and other nonverbal behavior give speakers and listeners information they can use to regulate, modify, and control exchanges.
The lack of true human contact Kevin Dupre - June 27, Electronic communication tends to seem impersonal. Communicators must imagine their audience, for at a terminal it almost seems as though the computer itself is the audience. Messages are depersonalized, inviting stronger or more uninhibited text and more assertiveness in return.
In computer-linked groups whose members are discontented and in conflict with one another, impersonal behavior might tend to polarize members, exacerbate aggressiveness, and cause negative attributions to others e.
However, electronic signals convey fewer historical, contextual, and nonverbal cues. This situation, where personality lack salience, might foster feelings of depersonalization.
In addition, using the computer tends to be absorbing and conducive to quick response, which might reduce self-awareness and increase the feeling of being submerged in the machine. There is a difference between two major forms of online learning. The earlier type, based on either Computer Based Training CBT or Computer Based Learning CBLfocused on the interaction between the student and computer drills plus tutorials on one hand or micro-worlds and simulations on the other.
Both can be delivered today over the WWW. Today, the prevailing paradigm in the regular school system is Computer Mediated Communication CMCwhere the primary form of interaction is between students and instructors, mediated by the computer. In addition, modern ICT provides education with tools for sustaining learning communities and associated knowledge management tasks.
It also provides tools for student and curriculum management. CMC plays of course an important role in in full-time distance teaching. Courses addressed to smaller groups frequently use "blended" or hybrid designs that mix presence courses usually in the beginning and at the end of a module with distance activities and use various pedagogical styles e.
For many years, educators have been exploring ways to combine theories of differing learning styles and student- constructed knowledge with the theory of practice-centered learning. Instead of being passive recipients of knowledge, we now consider students capable of constructing their own knowledge with guidance from the teacher.
We can offer part of this tutorial guidance by setting up an environment that will provide students with the resources necessary for independent exploration.
In using emerging computer-based technology as a resource, students are encouraged to explore their own interests and to become active educational workers, with opportunities to solve some authentic problems.
Although the perennial problem is still one of instructional content and design, we must not pave over old cow paths. On the more academic side, several emerging research fields related to collaborative learning and situated cognition also quite naturally integrated CMC within their conceptual framework.
Read Geri and Lentini for more details. Therefore the authors propose a cognitive apprenticeship approach to teach and that does a lot engage learners in communcation which in turn can be enhanced with computer-based tools.
Clark and Brennanwere interested on how learners collaboratively construct beliefs and meanings and they evaluated several common media and how the may affect common grounding.Educational institutions began to take advantage of the new medium by offering distance learning courses using computer networking for information.
Computer-supported collaborative learning this visual learning can be interactive and participatory, including writing and manipulating images on the interactive whiteboard. taking advantage of innovative educational in writing in new ways: to introduce them to the idea of writing with a "voice" and writing with an audience in mind.
The technologies developed, though advanced COMPUTER . Martine is a PhD student in human resources management at Lyon II University (France) and works as a consultant in an independent consultancy – AMNYOS – specialized in employment and economic development policies as well as human resources management.
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) spans a spectrum of topics from (i) materials, devices, circuits, and processors through (ii) control, signal processing, and systems analysis to (iii) software, computation, computer systems, and networking.
Computer Supported Collaborative Writing (ISBN ) Mike Sharples (Ed.) chapters - an advantage traditionally associated with high quali equally valid means of computer data transfer and it has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Much of the communication. As part of a collaborative writing project in our computer-supported collaborative learning class at the University of Texas at Austin, my team and I rewrote this article.
Of the 3 of us, 2 are seeking a doctorate in Instructional Technology and 1 is seeking a master's degree.