William Shakespeare facts indicate there is a record of his baptism on April 26in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England, where he was born and spent his early life.
Some time beforea funerary monument was erected in his memory on the north wall, with a half-effigy of him in the act of writing. Its plaque compares him to NestorSocratesand Virgil. Shakespeare's plays and William Shakespeare's collaborations Procession of Characters from Shakespeare's Plays by an unknown 19th-century artist Most playwrights of the period typically collaborated with others at some point, and critics agree that Shakespeare did the same, mostly early and late in his career.
Textual evidence also supports the view that several of the plays were revised by other writers after their original composition. The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VIwritten in the early s during a vogue for historical drama.
Shakespeare's plays are difficult to date precisely, however,   and studies of the texts suggest that Titus Andronicus, The Comedy of ErrorsThe Taming of the Shrewand The Two Gentlemen of Verona may also belong to Shakespeare's earliest period. By William Blakec. Shakespeare's early classical and Italianate comedies, containing tight double plots and precise comic sequences, give way in the mids to the romantic atmosphere of his most acclaimed comedies.
His characters become more complex and tender as he switches deftly between comic and serious scenes, prose and poetry, and achieves the narrative variety of his mature work.
Romeo and Julietthe famous romantic tragedy of sexually charged adolescence, love, and death;   and Julius Caesar —based on Sir Thomas North 's translation of Plutarch 's Parallel Lives —which introduced a new kind of drama. Henry Fuseli— In the early 17th century, Shakespeare wrote the so-called " problem plays " Measure for MeasureTroilus and Cressidaand All's Well That Ends Well and a number of his best known tragedies.
The titular hero of one of Shakespeare's greatest tragedies, Hamlethas probably been discussed more than any other Shakespearean character, especially for his famous soliloquy which begins " To be or not to be; that is the question ".
According to the critic Frank Kermode, "the play-offers neither its good characters nor its audience any relief from its cruelty". His last major tragedies, Antony and Cleopatra and Coriolanuscontain some of Shakespeare's finest poetry and were considered his most successful tragedies by the poet and critic T.
Less bleak than the tragedies, these four plays are graver in tone than the comedies of the s, but they end with reconciliation and the forgiveness of potentially tragic errors. Shakespeare in performance It is not clear for which companies Shakespeare wrote his early plays.
The title page of the edition of Titus Andronicus reveals that the play had been acted by three different troupes.
Although the performance records are patchy, the King's Men performed seven of Shakespeare's plays at court between 1 Novemberand 31 Octoberincluding two performances of The Merchant of Venice.
In Cymbeline, for example, Jupiter descends "in thunder and lightning, sitting upon an eagle: The ghosts fall on their knees.
Copper engraving of Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout.The world was changing. New scientific discoveries had opened pathways for understanding more about our complex universe. The ocean, once feared for its danger and depth, was tamed for travel and trade.
Religion in Shakespeare's England From The England of Shakespeare by Edwin Goadby. London: Cassell. Protestantism had been finally established as the national religion the year before Shakespeare . The central religious service of the Roman Catholic Church, incorporating praise, intercession and readings from scripture.
The central action is the consecration of the bread and wine by the priest. Benet, inspired by Luther, wrote his own thoughts about Church corruption, for which he was condemned for heresy and executed in It took until for this monument to be erected. Recent books and articles on the Catholic Shakespeare thesis—the long-circulating notion that the English language’s greatest writer was a closet “Papist,” as his first biographer wrote not long after his death—have sought evidence in both his life and in his plays.
More on Church corruption: Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales was written towards the end of the fourteenth century. As Chaucer introduces each new character, he makes increasingly scathing attacks on corruption within the Church, contrasting the greed, pride, deceit and sexual immorality of some churchmen with the Christian ideals and practices of the Poor Parson.