In this regard, Tuckman Procrastination Scale and Satisfaction with Life Scale were administered to female, male college students.
A number of studies have focused on providing evidence on the links between a number of factors and wellbeing. Happiness and Misery Layard, Clark and Senik discuss the causes of happiness and misery, based on 30 years of research on the topic. Both external and personal features determine well-being.
Some of the important external factors include income, work, community and governance, and values and religion. More "personal" factors include mental and physical health, family experience, education, gender, and age.
Many of these factors have a two-way interaction with happiness - physical health may improve happiness, while happiness improves physical health. An analysis of all these factors strikingly shows that while absolute income is important in poor countries, in richer countries comparative income is probably the most important.
Many other variables have a more powerful effect on happiness, including social trust, quality of work, and freedom of choice and political participation. E Clark and C Senik in J.
World Happiness Report Mental Health As discussed in Fleche and Layardmental health is the biggest single predictor of life-satisfaction. It explains as much of the variance of life satisfaction in the population of a country than physical health does, and much more than unemployment and income do.
However, in rich countries, under a third of people with diagnosable mental illness are in treatment. Therefore, extensive work on the CEP's Wellbeing Programme is focused on this area and the importance of policies required to deal with mental illness, see the Mental Health section. Also see, CentrePiece Article: Misery and Mental HealthFebruary Genetics Jan-Emmanuel De Neve and co-authors explore the influence of genetic variation on happiness by employing a twin design and genetic association study.
De Neve and co-authors also apply a recently-developed method to estimate 'common narrow heritability': Genes, Economics and Happiness - this was subsequently published in Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, De Neve is working with others to identify specific genes that are significantly associated with higher levels of life satisfaction, as part of a large international consortium for data-pooling.
Income - The marginal utility of income Richard Layard, Guy Mayraz and Stephen Nickell estimate the curvature of the income-happiness relation using four large cross-sectional surveys of subjective happiness and two panel surveys.
Altogether, the data cover over 50 countries and time periods between and The authors obtain very similar results from each survey.
The highest absolute value is 1. The results are also very similar for subgroups in the population. They also examine whether these estimates which are based directly on the scale of reported happiness could be biased upwards if true utility is convex with respect to reported happiness.
They find some evidence of such bias, but it is small-yielding a new estimated elasticity of 1. Does Relative Income Matter? Are the Critics Right?Religiosity is a complex construct and the relationship between depression and religiosity might change, depending on how religiosity is practiced or which aspects of religiosity are measured.
Most of the work has so far been concentrated on terminally ill patients and rarely on . Life satisfaction is a kind of self-assessment of one’s life and it is an internal evaluation of quality of life. The meaning of life satisfaction is the person’s attitude towards life in .
Religiosity and Life Satisfaction (A Multilevel Investigation Across Nations) Adam Okulicz-Kozaryn Institute for Quantitative Social Science, Harvard University.
O.S. Hünler, T.I. Genc¸özThe effect of religiousness on marital satisfaction: testing the mediator role of marital problem. solving between religiousness and marital satisfaction Contemporary Family Therapy, 27 (1) (), pp.
- The Effect of Religiosity on Life Satisfaction in a Secularized Context: Assessing the Relevance of Believing and Belonging Josje ten Kate1. Materialism and Life Satisfaction the Role of Stress and Religiosity.
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